It is important to understand governance and its effects on administration and development in the context of a globalized environment. This textbook deals with the concepts and dimensions of governance by highlighting the major debates in the contemporary times. It emphasizes on the paradigm shift from government to governance and how the role of the state has changed over the years. Different facets of governance, such as democratic decentralization, environmental governance and role of non-state actors have been thoroughly discussed. Governance: Issues and Challenges offers a detailed summary of the insights into the policy and governance processes over the last seven decades in India, providing a comparative and conceptual framework of governance drawing instances from developed countries, situating governance imperatives in South Asia and finally, giving centrality to the issues and challenges of governance in India. This is also a unique attempt to address the need for a textbook on governance as per the syllabi of Indian universities.