Likening fiscal federalism to a game between the Union and the States, and among the States themselves, Indian Fiscal Federalism lays bare the complex rules of play. It examines the pivotal role of Finance Commissions and assesses momentous events since 2014, such as the replacement of the Planning Commission by NITI Aayog, the emergence of the GST Council, and the controversies surrounding the Fifteenth Finance Commission. States, and among the States themselves, Indian Fiscal Federalism lays bare the complex rules of play. A contemporary, timely, and comprehensive analysis of fiscal federalism in India, this text is a must-read for all those interested in the subject. One of the outgrowths of the transformation of the party system has been the drive to re-examine federal relations. The book states, however, that it is economic liberalization that has permanently altered the federal calculus in India. It shows that states do not necessarily need to rely exclusively on the central government to control their individuals.