This book provides a geographical account of select attributes of population, such as age and sex composition, literacy, marital status, fertility, mortality and migration. The discussion on each topic has been presented separately for the global scenario and the situation in India. Population Geography focuses on the relationships between population distribution and environment. This publication is intended as an introduction to population study for geographers. Useful for students, academicians, and UPSC and state PSC examinations this text is a huge reference for college libraries.