A crime as in act of commission or commission contrary to municipal law tending to the prejudice of the community for which punishment can be inflicted as the result of judicial proceedings Taken in the name of the state. It tends directly to prejudice of the community while a civil injury tends more directly and immediately to the prejudice of a private right. The true test between a crime and civilinjury is that the latter is compensated by damagers while the former is punished. The state is supposed to be injured by any wrong to the community and is therefore the proper prosector. Many crimes includes a tort or civil injury , but every tort does not amount to a crime , nor does every crime include a tort.
Conspiracy, conversion, privatenusance wrongful distress, etc. Are mere trots , assault false imprisonment, false charge deflation, etc are all crimes as well as torts forgery perjury, bigamy . homicide, etc are crimes but not torts.